From the food we prepare, the fertilizers that support various forms of agriculture and the cars we drive, every facet of our lives is influenced by the presence of chemicals. Because different chemicals require different raw material inputs plus different skills and specialized equipment to produce them, many chemical manufacturers focus their efforts into individual market segments.
Refineries & Petroleum Industry
An oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is transformed and refined into more useful products such as petroleum naphtha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas, jet fuel, and fuel oils. Oil refineries are typically large, sprawling industrial complexes with extensive piping running throughout, carrying streams of fluids between large chemical processing units, such as distillation columns.
The pesticide is an all-inclusive term of pesticide, herbicides, weedicides, etc. The pesticide includes a variety of organic and inorganic compound but the modern trend is towards the synthetic organic pesticide. Inorganic pesticides include compounds of leads, arsenic, mercury chlorine, HCN, lead- arsenate, sodium arsenite. etc. Examples of naturally occurring pesticides are rotenone, pyrethrin, nicotine while petroleum derivatives, DDT, BHC, Chloride, Methoxychlor, Aldrin, etc. are the example of synthetic organic pesticide.
Inorganic & Organic Industries
Inorganic industries include manufacturing of acids, alkalies, allied chemicals, and salts whereas the organic industries are classified into three broad groups, which are Natural Drugs, Synthetic Drugs & Antibiotics. These industries add value to raw materials by transforming them into the chemicals required for the manufacture of consumer products.
The fertilizer industry is made up of companies who represent the entire supply chain from production to distribution to retail, all working together to deliver fertilizer to farmers in a safe, timely, and sustainable manner. The production of fertilizers is energy-intensive.
Ethanol fuel is ethyl alcohol, the same type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages, used as fuel. It is most often used as a motor fuel, mainly as a biofuel additive for gasoline. The basic steps for large-scale production of ethanol are microbial (yeast) fermentation of sugars, distillation, dehydration (requirements vary, see Ethanol fuel mixtures, below), and denaturing.
Heat treatment & Electroplating Industries
Electroplating is a process that uses an electric current to reduce dissolved metal cations so that they form a thin coherent metal coating on an electrode. In industries, electroplating is primarily used to change the surface properties of an object such as abrasion and wear resistance, corrosion protection, lubricity, aesthetic qualities, but may also be used to build up thickness on undersized parts or to form objects by electrorefining.
Hydro generated Oils & Soap Industries
Traditionally, soap has been manufactured from alkali (lye) and animal fats (tallow), although vegetable products such as palm oil and coconut oil can be substituted for tallow. Laundry soaps & Toilet soaps are the two types of soaps produced by industries.